Earthly 0.7
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Version-specific features

Earthly makes use of feature flags to release new and experimental features. Some features must be explicitly enabled to use them.
Earthly uses semantic versioning; once a new feature has reached stability, a new major or minor version of Earthly will be released with the feature enabled by default.

Specifying Version and features

Each Earthfile should list the current earthly version it depends on using the VERSION command. The VERSION command was first introduced under 0.5 and is required as of 0.7.
VERSION [<flags>...] <version-number>

Example

To Future-proof Earthfiles it is recommended to add a VERSION command. Consider a case where an Earthfile is developed against earthly v0.5.23 and makes use of the experimental FOOBAR command, the first line of the Earthfile should be:
VERSION --foobar 0.5
This will ensure that backwards-breaking features that are introduced in a later version will not change how this Earthfile is interpreted.
In a future release (e.g. 0.X), the FOOBAR command might be promoted from the experimental stage to stable stage, at that point, version 0.X would automatically set the --foobar flag to true, and the Earthfile could be updated to require version 0.X (or later), and could be rewritten as VERSION 0.X.

Feature flags

Feature flag
status
description
--use-registry-for-with-docker
0.5
Makes use of the embedded BuildKit Docker registry (instead of tar files) for WITH DOCKER loads and pulls
--use-copy-include-patterns
0.6
Speeds up COPY transfers
--referenced-save-only
0.6
Changes the behavior of SAVE commands in a significant way
--for-in
0.6
Enables support for FOR ... IN ... commands
--require-force-for-unsafe-saves
0.6
Requires --force for saving artifacts locally outside the Earthfile's directory
--no-implicit-ignore
0.6
Eliminates implicit .earthlyignore entries, such as Earthfile and .tmp-earthly-out
--earthly-version-arg
0.7
Enables builtin ARGs: EARTHLY_VERSION and EARTHLY_BUILD_SHA
--shell-out-anywhere
0.7
Allows shelling-out in any earthly command (including in the middle of ARG)
--explicit-global
0.7
Base target args must have a --global flag in order to be considered global args
--check-duplicate-images
0.7
Check for duplicate images during output
--use-cache-command
0.7
Allow use of CACHE command in Earthfiles
--use-host-command
0.7
Allow use of HOST command in Earthfiles
--use-copy-link
0.7
Use the equivalent of COPY --link for all copy-like operations
--new-platform
0.7
Enable new platform behavior
--no-tar-build-output
0.7
Do not print output when creating a tarball to load into WITH DOCKER
--use-no-manifest-list
0.7
Enable the SAVE IMAGE --no-manifest-list option
--use-chmod
0.7
Enable the COPY --chmod option
--earthly-locally-arg
0.7
Enable the EARTHLY_LOCALLY arg
--use-project-secrets
0.7
Enable project-based secret resolution
--use-pipelines
0.7
Enable the PIPELINE and TRIGGER commands
--earthly-git-author-args
0.7
Enable the EARTHLY_GIT_AUTHOR and EARTHLY_GIT_CO_AUTHORS args
--wait-block
0.7
Enable the WAIT / END block commands
--no-use-registry-for-with-docker
Experimental
Disable use-registry-for-with-docker
--try
Experimental
Enable the TRY / FINALLY / END block commands
--no-network
Experimental
Allow the use of RUN --network=none commands
--arg-scope-and-set
Experimental
Enable the LET / SET commands and nested ARG scoping
--earthly-ci-runner-arg
Experimental
Enable the EARTHLY_CI_RUNNER builtin ARG
--use-docker-ignore
Experimental
Enable the use of .dockerignore files in FROM DOCKERFILE targets
--pass-args
Experimental
Enable the optional --pass-args flag for the BUILD, FROM, COPY, WITH DOCKER --load commands
--global-cache
Experimental
Enable global caches (shared across different Earthfiles), for cache mounts and CACHE commands having an ID
--cache-persist-option
Experimental
Adds CACHE --persist option to persist cache content in images, Changes default CACHE behaviour to not persist
Note that the features flags are disabled by default in Earthly versions lower than the version listed in the "status" column above.
--use-copy-include-patterns
Speeds up COPY transfers.
When enabled, Earthly will only send the files listed for the specific COPY command. Without this feature, Earthly sends the entire directory of files excluding files listed in the .earthlyignore file.
--referenced-save-only
Changes the behavior of SAVE commands in a significant way
When enabled, Earthly will output artifacts resulting from SAVE ARTIFACT ... AS LOCAL ... and images resulting from SAVE IMAGE and also execute RUN --push commands only if they are connected to the main target through a chain of BUILD commands.
For example, chains like these will produce outputs (and possibly push, if enabled):
  • main target -> SAVE
  • main target -> BUILD -> SAVE
  • main target -> BUILD -> BUILD -> SAVE
  • main target -> BUILD -> BUILD -> BUILD -> SAVE
While chains like these will NOT produce outputs nor would they push:
  • main target -> FROM -> SAVE
  • main target -> COPY -> SAVE
  • main target -> FROM -> BUILD -> SAVE
  • main target -> BUILD -> FROM -> SAVE
  • main target -> BUILD -> BUILD -> COPY -> SAVE
This works the same regardless of whether the targets in the chain are remote or local.
When this feature is disabled, Earthly will output artifacts and images regardless of whether they are connected to the main target through a chain of BUILD commands, however the outputs will be subject to the following rules:
  • All SAVE ARTIFACT ... AS LOCAL ..., with local Earthfiles will be output
  • SAVE ARTIFACT ... AS LOCAL ... produced in remote targets will not be output
  • All images with tag names (both local and remote Earthfiles) will be output
  • No image will be pushed or RUN --push command will be executed if the target is remote
--for-in
Enables support for FOR ... IN ... commands
When enabled, Earthly will allow the use of FOR ... IN ... commands.